The shoulder is easily injured because the ball of the upper arm is larger than the shoulder socket that holds it. Although the shoulder is easily injured during sporting activities and manual labor, the primary source of the shoulder problems appears to be the natural age-related degeneration of the surrounding soft tissues such as those found in the rotator cuff. Shoulder pain may be localized or may be felt in areas around the shoulder or down the arm.

Your elbow joint is where three bones in your arm meet: your upper arm bone (humerus) and the two bones in your forearm (radius and ulna). It is a combination hinge and pivot joint. The hinge part of the joint lets the arm bend and straighten; the pivot part lets the lower arm twist and rotate. Elbow injuries can be minor ir serious and may include symptoms such as pain, swelling, numbness, tingling, weakness, or decreased range of motion.

At BajaOrtho we specialize in the treatment of:

  • Bursitis or Tendinitis: Occurs with overuse from repetitive activities, such as swimming, painting, or weight lifting
  • Impingement and partial rotator cuff tears: Partial thickness rotator cuff tears can be associated with chronic inflammation and the development of spurs on the underside of the acromion or the acromioclavicular joint
  • Full-thickness rotator cuff tears: These are most often the result of impingement, partial thickness rotator cuff tears, heavy lifting, or falls
  • Instability (Subluxations and Dislocations): Occurs when the head of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can happen as a result of sudden injury or from overuse of the shoulder ligaments
  • Fractured collarbone and acromioclavicular joint separation: These are common injuries in children and other who fall on the side of their shoulder when playing
  • Fractured head of the humerus: This injury is a common result of falls on an outstretched arm, particularly by older people with osteoporosis
  • Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis: These injuries can destroy the shoulder joint and surrounding tissues. They can also cause degeneration and tearing of the capsule or the rotator cuff. Osteoarthritis occurs when the articular surface of the joint wears thin. Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with chronic inflammation of the synovium lining which can produce chemicals that eventually destroy the inner lining of the joint, including the articular surface
  • Flexor tendinitis: Inflammation of the flexor/pronator tendons where they attach to the humerus bone on the inner side of the elbow
  • Ulnar Collateral Ligament (UCL) injury: This is the most commonly injured ligament in throwers and can range from minor damage to a complete tear of the ligament
  • Valgus Extension Overload (VEO): Condition in which the protective cartilage on the oclecranon is worn away and abnormal overgrowth of the bone – called bone spurs or osteophytes – develop
  • Olecranon stress fracture: Stress fractures occur when muscles become fatigued and are unable to absorb added shock. The fatigued muscle transfers the overload of stress to the bone, causing a tiny crack
  • Ulnar Neuritis: When the elbow is bent, the ulnar nerve stretches around the bony bump at the end of the humerus. When the ulnar nerve is stretched repeatedly can lead to irritation of the nerve

Some of the most common procedures include:

  • Total Shoulder Replacement
  • Partial Shoulder Replacement
  • Implant Revision
  • Rotator Cuff Repair
  • Shoulder Stabilization
  • Open Fracture Reductions
  • Tendon/Ligament Repair
  • Shoulder Arthroscopy
  • Elbow Arthroscopy
  • Ulnar Nerve Transposition